Date: Tue, 19 Sep 95 22:37:29 CDT From: Patrick Douglas Crispen
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: TOURBUS 9/19 -- GEOGRAPHIC NAME SERVER /~~~|~~~~|~~~~|~~~~|~~~~|~~~~|~~~~|~~~~|~~~~|~~~~~/~~~|~\ |____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____/ | \ | /_____|---\ / --T-H-E---I-N-T-E-R-N-E-T---T-O-U-R-B-U-S--> ///////| | | |///////| | ~~~/~~~\~/~~~\~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~/~~~\~~~~ \___/ \___/ "Why Surf When U Can Ride The Bus?" \___/ TODAY'S STOP: The Geographic Name Sever TODAY'S ADDRESS: telnet://martini.eecs.umich.edu:3000 One of the true joys of living in Alabama is being able to watch the Alabama evening news (by the way, this is Patrick -- Bob and I sort of swapped days to confuse you). One recent story on a local newscast involved the impact that the Phillip Morris cigarette recall was having on Alabama. (Phillip Morris USA recalled about 10 billion cigarettes -- and no, that is NOT an exaggeration -- because, if I remember this correctly, the cigarette filters contained some really nasty chemical). So, the TV news crew decided to interview a clerk at a local conveinience store. The clerk was asked, "In light of the recall, have you been pulling Phillip Morris cigarettes off of the shelves?" The clerk responded -- and I swear I am not making this up -- "No ... I heard that the recall only affected Morris, Alabama." That's where today's TOURBUS stop come in :) The Geographic Name Server at the University of Michigan will tell you everything that you could ever want to know about a city -- even Morris, Alabama. We already know how many cigarettes Phillip Morris recalled (10 billion). Let's see how many people there are in Morris, Alabama :) To get to the Geographic Name Server, we need to start up our telnet client and then enter the address martini.eecs.umich.edu 3000 The following then appears on our screen: #Geographic Name Server, Copyright 1992 Regents of the U of Michigan #Version 8/19/92. Use "help" or "?" for assistance, "info" for hints. Now we can enter in some information about the city that we want to find out about. We can enter: 1. The name of the city that we want (e.g. "Morris"), or 2. The name of both the city and state of the particular particular city that we want (e.g. "Morris, Alabama"), or 3. The US postal (zip) code for the city that we want (e.g. "35116") I would strongly recommend that you use either the second or third option, as the first will return a heck of a lot of useless data (for example, typing in just "Morris" will get you a screen full of information on 16 different cities named Morris). So, since we want to find out about Morris, Alabama, let's type "Morris, Alabama" (without the quotes) and see what happens. The following information appears on our screen: 0 Morris 1 01073 Jefferson 2 AL Alabama 3 US United States A 205 F 45 Populated Places L 33 44 53 N 86 48 31 W P 623 E 414 Z 35116 Here is what all of this means: 0 Morris The name of the city 1 01073 Jefferson Actually, I don't know what the number is, but the second part is the county that the city is in. 2 AL Alabama The state (both abbreviated and spelled out) 3 US United States The country (both abbreviated and spelled out) A 205 The city's telephone area code F 45 Populated Places I have no idea what this means ... so, I usually ignore it :) L 33 44 53 N 86 48 31 W The city's latitude (DD MM SS X) and longitude (DDD MM SS X) P 623 1980 census population E 414 Elevation in feet above sea level Z 35116 Postal (zip) code I'll let you do the math and figure out how many cigarettes a second the folks in Morris smoke (off the top of my head, I would guess that it would be about 1 cigarette every two seconds for a year). Seriously, there is some important information here. The Geographic Name Server shows the city's area code (which can be helpful when you can't remember the area code of Tulsa, Oklahome (918)). The latitude and longitude come in handy on Macintoshes (Macs have a "Map" control panel that allows you to enter the exact coordinates of your town or city on the map). And I can't begin to tell you how many times I have used the zip code search function :) Unfortunately, the GNS does not have a whole bunch of non-US cities in the database -- yet. Also, the load on the GNS can be so great that you won't be able to get in. Have patience. And, the next time you hear about the huge hole in the ozone layer above Morris, Alabama, you'll know the real story :) TODAY'S SOUTHERN WORDS OF THE DAY -------------------------------- HOT - noun. A blood-pumping organ. HOD - adverb. Not easy. Usage: "A broken hot is hod to fix." ******************** The WorldWideWeb Handbook ********************** For a good book on how to write your own Web files, see "The WorldWideWeb Handbook" (ITCP ISBN 1-85032-205-8) Details on the Web at http://www.ucc.ie/~pflynn/books/wwwbook.html *********************************************************************** ====================================================================== SUBSCRIBE : Send SUBSCRIBE TOURBUS to LISTSERV@LISTSERV.AOL.COM unSUBSCRIBE: Send UNSUBSCRIBE TOURBUS to LISTSERV@LISTSERV.AOL.COM Web Site : http://csbh.mhv.net/~bobrankin/tourbus (stop in for back issues and the logo contest) Advertising: E-mail BobRankin@MHV.net w/ Subject: SEND TBRATES ====================================================================== TOURBUS - (c) Copyright 1995, Patrick Crispen and Bob Rankin All rights reserved. Redistribution is allowed only with permission.